Bullying 101

Each day, more than 160,000 kids skip school because they fear being bullied. (National Education Association)

“Being bullied can have traumatic consequences for a child, leading to poor school performance, low self-esteem, anxiety, and even depression.” – David Fassler, M.D.

What is bullying?

Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems.

In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include:

An Imbalance of Power: Kids who bully use their power: physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity to control or harm others. Power imbalances can change over time and in different situations, even if they involve the same people.

Repetition: Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to happen more than once.

Types of Bullying

There are four types of bullying:


Verbal bullying is when an individual uses verbal language to gain power over his/her peers. Examples include teasing, taunting and threatening to cause harm.


Social bullying is designed to humiliate and damage an individual socially. Spreading rumors about someone, embarrassment, and exclusion are forms of social bullying.


Physical bullying is using one’s body and physical acts to exert power. This includes anything from pushing, shoving, kicking, punching, or being attacked by a group.


Cyberbullying takes place over digital devices (cell phones, computers & tablets). It includes posting or sharing negative content about someone.

Bullying 101 | No Bullies Allowed Initiative | Anti Bullying | Bullying Prevention Association of America